Analysis of professional terms of hair germ room d

2022-07-22
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1. Plan: also called top view, it refers to the projection in a certain horizontal direction. The visible contour line is solid line, and the invisible contour line is dotted line

1. Plan view: also called top view, refers to the projection in a certain horizontal direction. The visible contour line is solid line, and the invisible contour line is dotted line

2. Elevation: also called front view, it refers to the projection in the direction of the front elevation, the same as the plan

3. Sectional view: refers to the use of a plane to separate the object. The solid part to be sectioned is represented by a slash, and the other parts are projected

4. Node diagram: refers to a certain structural intersection, which is difficult to express in view. Enlarge it on this drawing or another drawing to show the relationship between various structural points

5. Details: for construction drawings, it is difficult to fully reflect a small part on the plan or elevation. Enlarge its scale and clearly show each small part, including size

6. Depth: on the plan, along the vertical direction of the axis of the building, the size of the room

7. Bay: on the plan, along the parallel direction of the axis of the building, the size of the room

8. Axis: generally, in the form of symmetry, 12 within the red brick wall above 24 walls is the axis. Any wall within the wall is an axis with the center of the wall

9. Opening: in the absence of door and window sleeves, it is the opening

10. Scale: it refers to the enlargement or reduction of a certain figure or object in all directions according to the same scale, so this scale is the scale. Generally, the drawing size is larger than the actual size, and the smaller size is represented by 1

11. Building area: refers to the area of a building, where the adjacent two parts are separated by an axis and the other parts are outside the size. (including walls and public spaces)

12. Usable area: refers to the area of a room obtained from the internal size of the wall. (net area)

13. Lintel: generally refers to the beam above a certain opening and door window, and there is a wall on the beam, which plays the role of supporting the opening

14. Simply supported beam: generally refers to the beam that has no binding force on both sides and is embedded into the wall 12cm, and its maximum stress point is in the middle

15. Ring beam: in order to improve the integrity of the house, it is a beam that goes around a certain elevation

16. Cantilevered beam: according to the meaning of the name, one end of the beam is cantilevered out without a support point, and the other end is anchored on the concrete column, beam or wall, which is pressed by the load on it to maintain stability

17. Cantilever plate: the same as cantilever beam, such as balcony floor, rain lap, etc

18. Cast in situ slab: the slab cast in site is generally used for the floor of toilet, kitchen and frame structure

19. Precast slab: the floor slab produced in the component factory is a finished product, which is used for the floor of brick concrete structure

20. Cement mortar: it is made by mixing water, cement and sand in a certain proportion. Generally speaking, the 1:3 cement mortar is

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